DRY BULK STOWAGE FACTOR

















Bauxite Bulk   ===============   0.85/0.93

Beans Bulk      ===============   1.42/1.58

Bone Meal Calcinet Bulk =======   3

Bran Rice India Bulk     ========   1.76/1.84

Buick Wheat Bulk   ===========   1.53/1.60

China Clay Bulk        ==========   1.3

Clay Bulk       ===============   0.70/0.84

Coal/Anthracite Large Bulk  ====  1.27 

Duff Dross Bulk   ============   1.2

Grains Bulk   ===============  1.25

Peace Bulk     ===============  1.28

Beans Bulk    ===============   1.28

Small & large Nuts Bulk   ====  1.31

Cobbles Bulk   ===============  1.39

Coal Australia Bulk   ==========  1.22/1.33

Coal Japan Bulk         ==========  1.27/1.33

Coal Poland Bulk =============  1.36/1.44

Coal tar pitch USSR Bulk =======  1.33/1.56

Coal USA Bulk =============== 1.30/1.42

Coal Welsh Bulk ============== 1.19/1.27

Cobalt Bulk================== 0.57

Coconut Bulk =================3.96

Copper mate W.Afr.Bulk========= 0.51

Cooper mate S. Afr. Bulk========= 0.4

Cooper Concentrate aneway Bay Bulk =0.56/0.63

Cooper Concentrate Bulk ==========0.5

Copra Pellets Bulk=============== 1.78

Copra Bulk==================== 2.35/2.77

Copra chips Bulk================ 1.58/1.70

Copra extract pellets Bulk========= 1.58/1.70

Copra pellets (max 14% moisture) Bulk1.58/1.70

Corn USA Bulk==================  1.39/1.70

Corn Gluten pellets USA Bulk======== 1.53/1.73


Feldspar Bulk==================== 0.85

Ferro silic?nBulk=================  0.7

Ferro CromoBulk================= 0.42

Manganeso Bulk================== 0.70/0.84

Kuanite Bulk====================  0.70/0.84

Kyanite Bulk ==================== 0.80/0.84

Pytophilite Bulk================== 0.84

Fish meal Bulk=================== 1.61/2.07

Fish Meal Anchovy Bulk===========  1.52/1.61

Barley Bulk===================== 1.47/1.56

Barley C1Bulk===================  1.48/1.51

Barley C2 Bulk=================== 1.56/1.59

Barley C3 Bulk=================== 1.67/1.70

Maize River Plate Bulk============= 1.36/1.47

Maize east Africa Bulk=============  1.42/1.47

Maize Congo Bulk================  1.56/1.58

Maize South Africa Bulk===========   1.42/1.50

Maize Kibbled Bulk==============   1.45/1.53

Maize WD1 Bulk================   1.34

Maize WDâ€�Bulk=============== 1.36

Maize YF1 Bulk=================  1.28

Oats Bulk=====================   1.87/1.89

Oat Clipped River Plate Bulk=======  1.84/1.92

Oats Unclipped Bulk=============  2.12/2.26

Oat Unclipped River Plate Bulk ====  2.04/2.12

Oats Australia. Bulk=============  1.98

Oats Calcutta Bulk==============  1.98

Rye Bulk=====================  1.36/1.47

Wheat Bulk===================  1.27/1.42

Wheat red Norfolk Bulk ========== 1.27

Wheat Red Baltimore Bulk======== 1.27



Wheat winter N° 2 USA======Bulk 1.27

Wheat winter Vancouver Bulk=====  1.25/1.39

Wheat Australia Bulk ===========  1.27/1.39

Wheat BL sea Bulk =============  1.19/1.27

Graphite Bulk ================= 0.57/0.99

Gravel Bulk ==================  0.65

Groundnuts & Shelled Bulk === 2.97/3.11

Groundnuts expeller Bulk ======== 1.62/1.95

Groundnuts extraction Bulk ======  1.47/1.56

Guano Bulk ==================  1.19/1.25

Horns Bulk ==================  2.69/2.83

Iron bar Bulk ================  0.79

Iron ore Barahanda Bulk ======== 1.90/2.30

Iron ore Canada(titanium) Bulk === 0.74

Iron ore USSR-Poti Bulk ======== 0.74

Iron ore Mauritania Bulk =======  0.82

Iron ore Sierra Leona Bulk =====   0.74

Iron Ore Philippine Is. Bulk =====  0.71

Kainit Bulk =================  0.99/1.05

Kaolin (China Clay) Bulk ======= 1.13

Kapok India Bulk ============  1.80/2.0

Linseed Bulk ================ 1.56/1.58

Locust beans Bulk ============ 2.38/2.55

Magnesite Fine Bulk ========== 0.45

Magnesite Coarse Bulk ======== 0.71/0.85

Magnesite Klinker Bulk =======  1.7

Molasses Bulk ==============  0.79

Nitrate of soda Bulk  ========== 0.74

Nitrate of Potash Bulk =========1.02

Palm Kernels Bulk =========== 1.64

Cottonseeds oil Bulk ========== 1.13

Soya bean oil Bulk ============1.1

Oil cake Bulk =============== 1.30/1.84

Antimony Australia Bulk ======  0.57

Peanuts Unpeeled Bulk =======  3.00/3.70

Phosphate N. Africa Bulk =====  0.65/0.85

Pigiron Bulk ==============  0.28

Pitch Bulk ================ 1.36

Potatoes Bulk ==============1.42/1.56

Potassium Nitrate Bulk =======1.02

Potassium sulfate Bulk ======= 1.26

Pyrite Bulk =============== 0.85/0.99

Rice Brand Pellets Bulk ====== 1.47/1.70

Salt Bulk ================= 0.99/1.13

Salt Petre Bulk ============ 1.02

Sand Vitreous Bulk ========= 0.65/0.71

Cottonseeds Bulk =========== 1.84

Linseeds River plate Bulk =====1.42/1.56

Linseeds Bulk ============= 1.56/1.58

Millet Bulk ===============1.27/1.44

Sal extract pellets Bulk  =====  1.64/1.76

Sugar beet Bulk =========== 3.71

Sunflower Argentina Bulk ===  2.12

Sunflower Odessa Bulk =====  2.32/2.43

Sunflower USA Bulk ======    2.32

Sorghum Bulk ===========   1.67

Soya beans USA Bulk ======  1.37

Soya beans Bulk ==========  1.58/1.64

Soya Beans Rio Grande Bulk = 1.5

Sugar Cuba Bulk =========  1.30/1.32

Sugar Raw Bolivia Bulk ====  1.27/1.44

Sulphate of ammonia Bulk === 1.19/1.27

Sulfur Bulk ============== 1.08/1.13

Sunflower seeds Bulk ======= 1.81/1.95

Super Phosphate triple Bulk == 1.04/1.33

Super Phosphate Casablanca Bulk =1.5

Super phosphate Triple Tampa Bulk =1.05/1.22

Tapioca Pellets Bulk ============1.58/1.64

Tares Bulk ===================1.36

Valonea Bulk =================2.55

Zinc concentrates Bulk ==========0.43


WHAT IS THE STOWAGE FACTOR ?!




In shipping, the stowage factor indicates how many cubic metres of space one metric tonne (or cubic feet of space one long ton) of a particular type of cargo occupies in a hold of a cargo ship. It is calculated as the ratio of the stowage space required under normal conditions, including the stowage losses caused by the means of transportation and packaging, to the weight of the cargo.The stowage factor can be used in ship design and as a reference to evaluate the efficiency of use of the cargo space on a ship.
The stowage factor varies from one type of commodity to another — for example iron ore has a stowage factor of 0.40 (m3/mt), meaning that the space needed by one tonne of ore is only one sixth of that required to stow one tonne of woodchips that have a stowage factor of 2.5. This means that if a ship designed to carry woodchips is loaded with iron ore, only a small part of the hold capacity can be utilized, and a bulk carrier designed to carry iron ore cannot be loaded to the maximum draft with woodchips, leaving much of its deadweight tonnage unutilized. Thus the stowage factor is taken into account in ship design when determining the size of cargo holds, and specialized ships such as ore carriers and car carriersare built for cargoes with a stowage factor that departs significantly from the average.
The stowage factor also depends on the type of packaging, being the lowest for unpackaged bulk cargo. While most commonly used for dry bulk cargo, a stowage factor can also be calculated for liquid bulk cargo and other commodities such as containers or cars. Stowage factors for several types of cargo are presented in the following table.
Type of cargo
Stowage factor
(cu ft/LT)
(m3/MT)
Iron ore
14
0.40
Grain (heavy)
45
1.30
Coal
48
1.40
Woodchips
90
2.50
Containers (TEU)
56–105
1.6–3.0
Cars
150
4.2
Light crude oil
37.6
1.07
Heavy crude oil
33.7
0.95
Water
35.315
1


 Συντελεστής στοιβασίας των χύδην φορτίων



Bauxite
Bulk
0.85/0.93
Beans
Bulk
1.42/1.58
Bone Meal Calcinet
Bulk
3
Bran Rice India
Bulk
1.76/1.84
Buick Wheat
Bulk
1.53/1.60
China Clay
Bulk
1.3
Clay
Bulk
0.70/0.84
Coal/Anthracite Large
Bulk
1.27
Duff Dross
Bulk
1.2
Grains
Bulk
1.25
Peace
Bulk
1.28
Beans
Bulk
1.28
Small & large Nuts
Bulk
1.31
Cobbles
Bulk
1.39
Coal Australia
Bulk
1.22/1.33
Coal Japan
Bulk
1.27/1.33
Coal Poland
Bulk
1.36/1.44
Coal tar pitch USSR
Bulk
1.33/1.56
Coal USA
Bulk
1.30/1.42
Coal Welsh
Bulk
1.19/1.27
Cobalt
Bulk
0.57
Coconut
Bulk
3.96
Copper mate W.Afr.
Bulk
0.51
Cooper mate S. Afr.
Bulk
0.4
Cooper Concentrate aneway Bay
Bulk
0.56/0.63
Cooper Concentrate
Bulk
0.5
Copra Pellets
Bulk
1.78
Copra
Bulk
2.35/2.77
Copra chips
Bulk
1.58/1.70
Copra extract pellets
Bulk
1.58/1.70
Copra pellets (max 14% moisture)
Bulk
1.58/1.70
Corn USA
Bulk
1.39/1.70
Corn Gluten pellets USA
Bulk
1.53/1.73
Feldspar
Bulk
0.85
Ferro silic?n
Bulk
0.7
Ferro Cromo
Bulk
0.42
Manganeso
Bulk
0.70/0.84
Kuanite
Bulk
0.70/0.84
Kyanite
Bulk
0.80/0.84
Pytophilite
Bulk
0.84
Fish meal
Bulk
1.61/2.07
Fish Meal Anchovy
Bulk
1.52/1.61
Barley
Bulk
1.47/1.56
Barley C1
Bulk
1.48/1.51
Barley C2
Bulk
1.56/1.59
Barley C3
Bulk
1.67/1.70
Maize River Plate
Bulk
1.36/1.47
Maize east Africa
Bulk
1.42/1.47
Maize Congo
Bulk
1.56/1.58
Maize South Africa
Bulk
1.42/1.50
Maize Kibbled
Bulk
1.45/1.53
Maize WD1
Bulk
1.34
Maize WD”
Bulk
1.36
Maize YF1
Bulk
1.28
Oats
Bulk
1.87/1.89
Oat Clipped River Plate
Bulk
1.84/1.92
Oats Unclipped
Bulk
2.12/2.26
Oat Unclipped River Plate
Bulk
2.04/2.12
Oats Australia.
Bulk
1.98
Oats Calcutta
Bulk
1.98
Rye
Bulk
1.36/1.47
Wheat
Bulk
1.27/1.42
Wheat red Norfolk
Bulk
1.27
Wheat Red Baltimore
Bulk
1.27
Wheat winter N° 2 USA
Bulk
1.27
Wheat winter Vancouver
Bulk
1.25/1.39
Wheat Australia
Bulk
1.27/1.39
Wheat BL sea
Bulk
1.19/1.27
Graphite
Bulk
0.57/0.99
Gravel
Bulk
0.65
Groundnuts & Shelled
Bulk
2.97/3.11
Groundnuts expeller
Bulk
1.62/1.95
Groundnuts extraction
Bulk
1.47/1.56
Guano
Bulk
1.19/1.25
Horns
Bulk
2.69/2.83
Iron bar
Bulk
0.79
Iron ore Barahanda
Bulk
1.90/2.30
Iron ore Canada(titanium)
Bulk
0.74
Iron ore USSR-Poti
Bulk
0.74
Iron ore Mauritania
Bulk
0.82
Iron ore Sierra Leona
Bulk
0.74
Iron Ore Philippine Is.
Bulk
0.71
Kainit
Bulk
0.99/1.05
Kaolin (China Clay)
Bulk
1.13
Kapok India
Bulk
1.80/2.0
Linseed
Bulk
1.56/1.58
Locust beans
Bulk
2.38/2.55
Magnesite Fine
Bulk
0.45
Magnesite Coarse
Bulk
0.71/0.85
Magnesite Klinker
Bulk
1.7
Molasses
Bulk
0.79
Nitrate of soda
Bulk
0.74
Nitrate of Potash
Bulk
1.02
Palm Kernels
Bulk
1.64
Cottonseeds oil
Bulk
1.13
Soya bean oil
Bulk
1.1
Oil cake
Bulk
1.30/1.84
Antimony Australia
Bulk
0.57
Peanuts Unpeeled
Bulk
3.00/3.70
Phosphate N. Africa
Bulk
0.65/0.85
Pigiron
Bulk
0.28
Pitch
Bulk
1.36
Potatoes
Bulk
1.42/1.56
Potassium Nitrate
Bulk
1.02
Potassium sulfate
Bulk
1.26
Pyrite
Bulk
0.85/0.99
Rice Brand Pellets
Bulk
1.47/1.70
Salt
Bulk
0.99/1.13
Salt Petre
Bulk
1.02
Sand Vitreous
Bulk
0.65/0.71
Cottonseeds
Bulk
1.84
Linseeds River plate
Bulk
1.42/1.56
Linseeds
Bulk
1.56/1.58
Millet
Bulk
1.27/1.44
Sal extract pellets
Bulk
1.64/1.76
Sugar beet
Bulk
3.71
Sunflower Argentina
Bulk
2.12
Sunflower Odessa
Bulk
2.32/2.43
Sunflower USA
Bulk
2.32
Sorghum
Bulk
1.67
Soya beans USA
Bulk
1.37
Soya beans
Bulk
1.58/1.64
Soya Beans Rio Grande
Bulk
1.5
Sugar Cuba
Bulk
1.30/1.32
Sugar Raw Bolivia
Bulk
1.27/1.44
Sulphate of ammonia
Bulk
1.19/1.27
Sulfur
Bulk
1.08/1.13
Sunflower seeds
Bulk
1.81/1.95
Super Phosphate triple
Bulk
1.04/1.33
Super Phosphate Casablanca
Bulk
1.5
Super phosphate Triple Tampa
Bulk
1.05/1.22
Tapioca Pellets
Bulk
1.58/1.64
Tares
Bulk
1.36
Valonea
Bulk
2.55
Zinc concentrates
Bulk
0.43
Acetate - Butyl Ethyl
Drums
1.84
Acetone
Drums
1.784/1.925
Acid - Citric
Cases
1.331
Alcohol - Ethyl
Drums
1.982
Alcohol - Rectified
Drums
1.84
Aloes
Cases
1.109
Aluminium Ingots
Bundled
0.821
Aluminium Foil
Cases
3.508
Aluminium Rods
Loose Coils
0.679/0.849
Andalusite
Bags
0.649
Antimony
Pallets
0.736
Arsenic
Drums
0.736
Arsenite (sodium)
Drums
1.132
Asbestos
Bags (Mozambique)
2.83/3.964
Asbestos
Bags (South Africa)
2.435/2.584
Asbestos (Pressure Packed)
Bags
2.26
Asphalt
Drums
1.331
Barley
Bags
1.699/1.840
Batteries (lead/acid)
Crates
1.132
Beans (canned)
Cartons
1.416/1.557
Beans (soya)
Bags
1.585
Beer
Cases
1.869
Beer
Cartons
1.699
Beeswax
Bags
1.84
Billets (steel)
Pcs
0.283
Bituminous solution
Drums
1.699
Bones
Bags
2.832
Bottles
Bags
2.492
Bottles (Coke or Pepsi)
Bags
1.982
Bran
Bags
2.832/3.394
Brandy
Casks
2.124
Brandy
Cases
1.385
Bricks
Cases
0.849/0.991
Bricks (fire)
Loose
0.736
Briquettes (Charcoa)
Bags
0.991/1.132
Buchu (herb)
Bales
7.646
Buckwheat
Bags
1.557/1.840
Calcium carbide
Drums
1.146/1.699
Canned goods
Cartons
1.132/1.146
Candles
Cartons
2.265
Carbon Black
Cartons
4.163
Casks (empty)
Loose
2.69
Cassava Root
Bags
2.69
Cattle Feed
Bags
2.067
Caustic Soda
Drums
0.708
Cereals
Cartons
6.796
Cement
Bags
0.651
Cement
Marino Slings
0.793
Chain
Drums
0.679
Charcoal
Bags
5.664
Chicory
Bags
1.699
Chrome Ore
Bags
0.339/0.424
Cigarettes
Cartons
3.794
Clay
Bags
0.849/1.416
Cloves
Bags
3.398
Coal Tar
Drums
1.614
Cobalt
Drums
0.566
Coffee
Bags
2.832
Confectionery
Cartons
2.378
Copper
Blister
0.509
Copper
Ingots
0.509
Copper
Cathodes
0.339
Copper
Ingots bundled
0.254
Copper
Billets
0.141
Copper Concentrates
Bulk
0.509
Copra
Bags
2.265/2.548
Corks (crown)
Cartons
2.265
Corn flour
Bags
1.585
Corundum Ore
Bags
1.132
Cotton Seed
Bags
2.407/3.115
Cotton Seed Oil cake
Bags
2.124/2.265
Cotton Lint
Bales
3.568
Cotton
Pressed Bales
2.407
Crayfish (Atlantic Spiny Lobster)
Cartons
1.557
Creosote
Drums
1.416
Curry Powder
Cartons
2.039
Custard Powder
Cartons
1.982
Drums 55 gal empty
Loose
2.832/11.328
Dynamite
Cases
2.548
E.C. Feed (Cattle Feed)
Bags
1.557/1.982
Electrolytic Manganese
Drums
0.509
Essences
Cartons
1.246
Eucalyptus Logs
Loose
1.557
Eucalypts Oil
Drums
1.416
Encrypted Ore
Drums
0.708
Ferrochrome
Drums
0.396
Ferromanganese
Drums
0.679
Ferrosilicon
Drums
0.849
Fiber Board
Sheets
1.146
Filters (oil)
Cartons
5.125
Fish (canned)
Cartons
1.557
Fish meal
Bags
1.699/1.840
Fish Oil
Drums
1.699
Flour (maize)
Bags
1.642
Flouspar
Bags
0.849
Fondant (cement)
Cases
1.217
Fruit (canned)
Cartons
1.132
Fruit (dried)
Cartons
1.359/1.557
Fruit Juice (canned)
Cartons
1.557
Garlic
Cartons
1.614
Glass
Crates
1.274/1.982
Glucose
Drums
1.217
Granite (slabs)
Loose
1.133
Granite (blocks)
Loose
0.293/0.424
Graphite
Bags
1.501
Grits
Bags
1.557
Groundnut (peanuts)
Bags
2.124
Groundnut Oil cake
Bags
1.982/2.124
Groundnut Oil
Drums
1.699/1.755
Guano
Bags
1.982/1.699
Hardboard
Skids
1.840/2.888
Hides (dry)
Bales
4.248/4.531
Hides (wet)
Bundles
1.274/1.416
Horns
Bags
2.265
Ilmenite
Bags
0.623
Ivory
Bags
1.699
Jam/Jelly (canned)
cartons
1.727
Jam/Jelly (bottled)
Cartons
1.217
Jute
Bags
1.642
Kerosene
Cases
1.614
Lard
Cartons
1.416
Lead
Ingots
0.283
Leather
Bales
2.832
Lepidolite
Pallets
0.991/1.132
Maize
Bags
1.699
Manganese (Ferro)
Drums
0.509
Meat (canned)
Cartons
1.557
Methylated Spirits
Drums
1.982
Mica
Bags
1.699
Microlite Ore
Bags
0.566
Milk Powder
Cartons
3.398
Mill balls
Drums
0.566
Millet
Bags
1.557
Mimosa bark
Bales
2.718
Mohair (greasy)
Bales
3.115
Mohair (scoured)
Bales
3.398
Monasite Oil
Drums
1.416
Nails
Bags
0.493
Nestum
Cartons
4.248
Nickel Concentrate
Bags
0.509
Oats
Bags
1.84
Oatmeal
Bags
2.548
Ochre
Bags
1.274
Onions
Bags
2.832
Paint
Drums
1.416
Palm Kernels
Bags
2.265
Parquet Flooring
Cartons
1.189
Peel (citrus)
Cases
1.699
Peanut Butter
Cartons
1.699
Peas (canned)
Cartons
1.472
Pet Food
Cartons
1.557
Pipe (Cast iron)
Loose
1.50`
Pipe (Steel) Depends on diam.
Loose
2.548
Ploughs (Disc)
Bundles
0.99/1.13
Plywood
Bundles
2.407
Poles (Telephone Creosoted)
Bundles
2.548/3.001
Potatoes
Bags
2.882
Potatoes
Crates
2.265
Pulp Board
Bundles
0.962/1.132
Rayon Pulp
Bales
2.124/2.265
Resin
Bags
1.784
Rice Bran
Bags
3.115
Rope (Sisal)
Coils
2.548
Rubber (Scrap)
Drums
2.86
Rubber (Solution)
Drums
1.95
Rum
Casks
1.699/2.265
Rutile
Bags
0.708
Rye
Bags
1.472
Salt (Coarse)
Bags
1.982
Salt (Fine)
Bags
1.274
Shark Fins
Bags
1.699/1.982
Sheepskins
Bales
3.115/3.964
Sisal
Bales
2.832
Sleepers (Wooden railway ties)
Loose
1.132
Soap
Cases
1.331
Soda Ash
Bags
1.132/1.274
Sugar
Bags
1.302
Syrup (cane)
Cartons
1.274
Tallow
Drums
1.642
Tea
Chests
1.832
Tin Plate
Stillages
0.424/0.509
tin Concentrates
Bags
0.39
Tinned Goods
Cartons
1.146/1.669
Tomatoes
Cartons
1.557
Post Toasties (Cornflakes)
Cartons
9.09
Tobacco
Bales
3.398
Tobacco
Cases
3.115/3.964
Tung Oil
Drums
1.699
Twine
Cartons
2.407/2.548
Tires
loose
3.551/4.531
Urea
Bags
1.557
Vaseline
Cartons
1.132
Vermiculite
Bags
1.274/1.699
Wattle Extract (Solid)
Bags
1.132/1.146
Wattle Extract (Powder)
Bags
1.146
Wattle Poles
Loose
2.549
Wattle Poles
Bundles
3.398
Wax
Bags
2.124
Weed killer
Drums
1.557
Whale Meal
Bags
2.266
Whale Oil
Drums
1.840/1.982
Wheat
Bags
1.41/1.669
Wine
Cases
1.982
Wine
Casks
1.982/2.265
Wine
Firkins
1.642/1.812
Wine
Hogsheads
1.982
Wine
Pipes
1.902
Wine
Cartons
1.84
Wire Netting (Chicken wire)
Rolls
1.699
Wire Rope
Coils
0.849
Wool (Grease)
Bales
6.258
Wool (Scoured)
Bales
6.23
Wool (Tops)
Bales
4.531
Wool (Mohair)
Bales
4.559
Zinc Dust
Drums
0.708
Zircon
Bags
0.708

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